The Victorian state government has committed to removing 50 level crossings in two terms of office: a faster rate of removal than in any other period in the history of railways in Melbourne.

  • Project dates: 2015–2016
  • Budget: $114,000

This research project aims to deepen understanding of the issues involved in level crossing removals so that when proposals for specific locations are considered, professional, government and industry stakeholders, as well as the community can participate in a more informed way.


The project is part of on-going investigations of better integration of land use and active transport futures for Melbourne. It is the design research component of the research project The Benefits of Level Crossing Removals: Learning from Melbourne’s Historical Experience.

Our work helps to build understanding about connections between three key areas:

(1) the technical and operational requirements for effective public transport networks;
(2) good urban and architectural design, and;
(3) land use planning.

Since 2005, this work has been supported by Australian Research Council grants and by industry partners in state and local government, as well as in the private sector.

During the last decade, working with our industry collaborators and also with students in architecture, urban planning and design, we have tested a range of scenarios that explore possibilities for enhanced public transport and urban intensification.

In 2012, we commenced the Transit for All project, funded by the Carlton Connect Initiative of the University of Melbourne. Graduate student designs for new stations for Melbourne’s suburban rail system were used to stimulate debate among the public and private sector networks of professionals responsible for much of Melbourne’s recent work on new stations and level crossing removals.

We began that project with an agnostic view on the relative merits of rail-under or rail-over options for level crossing removals. However, after reviewing the work produced over three iterations of our design research process, it became clear that elevated rail had some distinct advantages over the typical ‘trenched rail’ designs being constructed around Melbourne.

Lessons from the Graduate Design Research Studio “Rail UP!”

Our two new reports summarise the findings from two case studies exploring the potential of extended elevated rail for two very different rail corridors in Melbourne: The Upfield Line (through the inner and middle northern suburbs, a former industrial corridor now in transition) and the Frankston Line (in the southern bayside suburbs).

The research was conducted using design research through a graduate studio at the Melbourne School of design in a collaboration with RMIT, and was conducted between July-October 2015. The studio tested a series of findings from several years of research related to the benefits of elevated rail as a mode of level crossing removal / grade separation. These benefits go far beyond the government’s primary aims of improving safety and reducing local traffic congestion, and include:

  • Urban renewal: greater potential for multi-scale economic and social development related to increased activity around stations.
  • Restoration of rail’s prominent position in the urban fabric
  • Creation of linear parks and connected quiet streets for safer walking and cycling
  • Opportunities for the fundamental re-organisation of Melbourne’s buses into a network connected to the rail system
  • Improved passenger experience, views and way-finding

Getting the best from elevated rail

Realising these benefits depends on the design quality of elevated rail. These design explorations for the Upfield Line and the Frankston Line utilise and exemplify a set of criteria by which planners, politicians and members of the community can assess any proposal for level crossing removals using elevated rail, or for that matter, any new rail line or extension.


Key People

Lead researcher

Dr Ian Woodcock

Dr Ian Woodcock

Former Centre Staff

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Planning & Transport in City Regions

The Planning and Transport in City Regions Program seeks to understand processes of urban development and patterns of mobility at the metro-regional scale.

News & Blog


Student designs on the right track for future rail crossing removals

16 November 2016

A collaborative research project between RMIT University and the University of Melbourne explores new ways to improve the integration of public transport and urban design in Melbourne.


Victoria needs a big-picture transport plan that isn’t about winners vs losers

04 October 2016

There has been no shortage of ideas about how to spend the A$9.7 billion the Victorian government will receive from selling a 50-year lease for the Port of Melbourne.


Looking upwards for transport solutions

11 March 2016

Level crossing removals should be part of a total picture for an effective transport system and “skytrains” are the best way to do this, according to RMIT and Melbourne University researchers.


Raising expectations for Melbourne’s railways

03 March 2016

Improved public transport has long been a high priority among Victorian voters however; the recent announcement of the $1.6 billion project to remove nine level crossings between Caulfield and Dandenong has not been met with the expected enthusiasm.


The ‘sky rail’ saga: can big new transport projects ever run smoothly?

23 February 2016

Tensions are rising in Melbourne over plans to use elevated rail to remove suburban level crossings.